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Patient Preparation: No special preparation is required
To be checked for a possible risk of developing a kidney or cardiovascular disorder
This test is recommended for all those who are suffering from type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
People with Type 2 diabetes should get tested annually.
People with Type 1 diabetes should get tested every five years.
Albumin is a protein that is present in large amounts in the blood. When kidneys are functioning properly, only a tiny amount of albumin leaks through into the urine, less than 30 mg/day. In kidney failure (the last stage of a slow process of decline in kidney function), large amounts of protein are spilled into the urine
Moderately increased UACR levels in urine indicate that a person is in one of the very early phases of developing kidney disease. Recently, studies have shown that an abnormal UACR result indicates an increased risk of developing heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) complications, especially in people with diabetes. Low levels are an indication that kidney function is normal. Moderate to high, persistently elevated levels of albumin in urine over three to six months is a requirement for establishing a diagnosis.
Sample: 15 ml of Urine