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Kidney and its Significance

The kidney is a bodily organ that filters waste materials from the blood to produce urine, which is then eliminated from the body. Additionally, it regulates electrolyte levels, blood pressure, and the production of red blood cells.

The typical size of a human kidney is roughly around 10-12 centimeters or about 4-5 inches in length and 5-7 centimeters or about 2-3 inches) in width. Usually, humans have two kidneys, one on each side of the spine.

While humans usually possess two kidneys, one can survive with just one kidney. This condition is known as living with a solitary kidney. Many people are born with a single kidney, while others may undergo surgical removal of one kidney due to medical reasons such as kidney donation or disease.

Despite having only one kidney, most individuals can lead normal, healthy lives. The remaining kidney often compensates for the loss by increasing in size and function. However, it's essential to maintain good kidney health through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding factors that can harm kidney function