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Overview of Fertility

The term fertility describes the innate capability of a person or couple to reproduce or achieve pregnancy through sexual intercourse without any external interventions. It entails the successful fusion of sperm contributed by a male and an egg provided by a female, leading to fertilization and ultimately pregnancy.

On the other hand, infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after actively trying to conceive for a certain period of time, typically one year for couples under 35 years old and six months for couples over 35. Approximately, 1 out of every 8 couples worldwide suffer from infertility. Many people experience periods of subfertility which means that conception might take longer than a year but it could eventually occur naturally.

Any one or a combination of multiple factors including genetic factors, lifestyle factors, hormonal imbalances, environmental factors and structural abnormalities can contribute to male and female infertility. Infertility is considered a medical condition that may require evaluation but it doesn't necessarily mean permanent inability to conceive. Treatment by healthcare professionals specializing in reproductive medicine can help couples achieve pregnancy. Early diagnosis and intervention can significantly increase your chances of a successful pregnancy.